Brian Haynes (2007) developed the 5S Pyramid for finding the best evidence with the least amount of time and effort:
Studies are individual studies related to a particular focused question. There are several searchable databases that would help you find individual studies. The most used in Canada include Medline, PubMed and CINAHL, but there are many other specialized databases.
Synopses are brief reports (1-2 pages) of pre-appraised individual studies or systematic reviews that give key methodological details and results, along with an expert commentary, on issues of applying the results in practice. Examples of synopses are found in 23 evidence-based journals that cover topics such as medicine, nursing, dentistry and health policy (e.g., Evidence-Based Nursing ).
Summaries are usually text-based and are related to a specific disease or condition (e.g., Clinical Evidence).
Systems are electronic systems that can be linked to patient records and prompt practitioners with guidelines for care (e.g., what tests to order, what interventions to provide). For example, for a patient with type 2 diabetes, it would prompt the caregiver that blood work, eye exam, foot exam and diet review need to be done.
The next move: leading interprofessional collaboration
Collaborative practice is becoming the norm but to achieve this goal changes are needed in attitudes, in operations and in systems. We all have to recognize the importance of working with government, unions, regulators and other stakeholders.
Influenza is a serious illness that disproportionately affects certain populations who have a higher risk of complications. Influenza immunization, as the most effective method of preventing the flu, allows health-care workers to protect themselves, their families and those in their care.
Have You Thought About the Social Determinants of Health?
The health of Canadians is not shaped primarily by the medical treatments they receive or the lifestyle choices they make but by the living conditions they experience. These conditions have come to be known as the social determinants of health.
The resources within this section are offered to inform your cultural awareness, competency, and safety so as to enhance your capabilities to work with your clients in addressing their health and wellness needs